International Journal of Cancer Management

Published by: Kowsar

Assessing Breast Cancer Knowledge Among Iranian Physicians

Azar Pirdehghan 1 , 2 , * , Parya Khosropour 1 and Mohammad Ali Seif Rabiei 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Research Center for Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Cancer Management: 12 (4); e85822
  • Published Online: April 27, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 28, 2018
  • Revised: March 10, 2019
  • Accepted: April 10, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijcm.85822

To Cite: Pirdehghan A, Khosropour P, Seif Rabiei M A. Assessing Breast Cancer Knowledge Among Iranian Physicians, Int J Cancer Manag. Online ahead of Print ; 12(4):e85822. doi: 10.5812/ijcm.85822.

Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Miller AB, Wall C, Baines CJ, Sun P, To T, Narod SA. Twenty five year follow-up for breast cancer incidence and mortality of the Canadian national breast screening study: Randomised screening trial. BMJ. 2014;348:g366. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g366. [PubMed: 24519768]. [PubMed Central: PMC3921437].
  • 2. Saggu S, Rehman H, Abbas ZK, Ansari AA. Recent incidence and descriptive epidemiological survey of breast cancer in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(10):1176-80. doi: 10.15537/smj.2015.10.12268. [PubMed: 26446327]. [PubMed Central: PMC4621722].
  • 3. Nafissi N, Khayamzadeh M, Zeinali Z, Pazooki D, Hosseini M, Akbari ME. Epidemiology and histopathology of breast cancer in Iran versus other Middle Eastern countries. Mid East J Cancer. 2018;9(3):243-51.
  • 4. McGuire S. World cancer report 2014. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, WHO Press, 2015. Adv Nutr. 2016;7(2):418-9. doi: 10.3945/an.116.012211. [PubMed: 26980827]. [PubMed Central: PMC4785485].
  • 5. Vakili M, Pirdehghan A, Adimi M, Sadeghian M, Akhondi M. Epidemiology and trend of cancer in Yazd, a central province of Iran, 2005-2009. J Res Health Sci. 2014;14(3):210-3. [PubMed: 25209908].
  • 6. Mousavi SM, Gouya MM, Ramazani R, Davanlou M, Hajsadeghi N, Seddighi Z. Cancer incidence and mortality in Iran. Ann Oncol. 2009;20(3):556-63. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdn642. [PubMed: 19073863].
  • 7. Mousavi SM, Montazeri A, Mohagheghi MA, Jarrahi AM, Harirchi I, Najafi M, et al. Breast cancer in Iran: An epidemiological review. Breast J. 2007;13(4):383-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2007.00446.x. [PubMed: 17593043].
  • 8. Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2017. CA Cancer J Clin. 2017;67(1):7-30. doi: 10.3322/caac.21387. [PubMed: 28055103].
  • 9. DeSantis C, Ma J, Bryan L, Jemal A. Breast cancer statistics, 2013. CA Cancer J Clin. 2014;64(1):52-62. doi: 10.3322/caac.21203. [PubMed: 24114568].
  • 10. Oeffinger KC, Fontham ET, Etzioni R, Herzig A, Michaelson JS, Shih YC, et al. Breast cancer screening for women at average risk: 2015 Guideline update from the American Cancer Society. JAMA. 2015;314(15):1599-614. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.12783. [PubMed: 26501536]. [PubMed Central: PMC4831582].
  • 11. Smith RA, Andrews KS, Brooks D, Fedewa SA, Manassaram-Baptiste D, Saslow D, et al. Cancer screening in the United States, 2018: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018;68(4):297-316. doi: 10.3322/caac.21446. [PubMed: 29846940].
  • 12. Ghodsi Z, Salehi A, Hojjatoleslami S. Knowledge of Iranian women about warning signs and risk factors for breast cancer. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2013;93:343-8. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.201.
  • 13. Asgari F, Mirzazadeh A, Heidarian H. Iran non communicable disease risk factors surveillance data book for 2007, National NCD Risk Factors Surveillance Committee. Iran NCD Risk Factors Steps Report; 2007. 3 p.
  • 14. Barnard ME, Boeke CE, Tamimi RM. Established breast cancer risk factors and risk of intrinsic tumor subtypes. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015;1856(1):73-85. doi: 10.1016/j.bbcan.2015.06.002. [PubMed: 26071880].
  • 15. Anderson BO, Yip CH, Smith RA, Shyyan R, Sener SF, Eniu A, et al. Guideline implementation for breast healthcare in low-income and middle-income countries: Overview of the Breast Health Global Initiative Global Summit 2007. Cancer. 2008;113(8 Suppl):2221-43. doi: 10.1002/cncr.23844. [PubMed: 18816619].
  • 16. Akbari A, Razzaghi Z, Homaee F, Khayamzadeh M, Movahedi M, Akbari ME. Parity and breastfeeding are preventive measures against breast cancer in Iranian women. Breast Cancer. 2011;18(1):51-5. doi: 10.1007/s12282-010-0203-z. [PubMed: 20217489].
  • 17. Sabatino SA, Burns RB, Davis RB, Phillips RS, McCarthy EP. Breast cancer risk and provider recommendation for mammography among recently unscreened women in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2006;21(4):285-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00348.x. [PubMed: 16686802]. [PubMed Central: PMC1484729].
  • 18. Meissner HI, Breen N, Taubman ML, Vernon SW, Graubard BI. Which women aren't getting mammograms and why? (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2007;18(1):61-70. doi: 10.1007/s10552-006-0078-7. [PubMed: 17186422].
  • 19. Smith P, Hum S, Kakzanov V, Del Giudice ME, Heisey R. Physicians' attitudes and behaviour toward screening mammography in women 40 to 49 years of age. Can Fam Physician. 2012;58(9):e508-13. [PubMed: 22972742]. [PubMed Central: PMC3440292].
  • 20. Vakili V, Danaei M, Abdollahifard G, Askarian M. Predictors of screening programs adherence: Report of a population based study in Shiraz, Iran. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3(9):1161. doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.010720141.
  • 21. Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Harirchi I, Harirchi AM, Sajadian A, Khaleghi F, et al. Breast cancer in Iran: Need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2008;7(1):6. doi: 10.1186/1447-056X-7-6. [PubMed: 19099595]. [PubMed Central: PMC2628874].
  • 22. Moodi M, Mood MB, Sharifirad GR, Shahnazi H, Sharifzadeh G. Evaluation of breast self-examination program using health belief model in female students. J Res Med Sci. 2011;16(3):316-22. [PubMed: 22091251]. [PubMed Central: PMC3214340].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments