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Low Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Kerman Province, Iran

AUTHORS

AA Haghdoost 1 , G Chamani 2 , MR Zarei 2 , M Rad 2 , M Hashemipoor 2 , Maryam Marzban 3 , *

1 Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Haghdoost A, Chamani G, Zarei M, Rad M, Hashemipoor M, et al. Low Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Kerman Province, Iran, Int J Cancer Manag. 2011 ; 4(1):e80725.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 4 (1); e80725
Published Online: December 30, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 30, 2010
Accepted: December 04, 2010

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Abstract

Background: In Iran colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence varies among various places. But we do not have any validate data that deeply explored the difference of CRC in Kerman province by national average. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of colon cancer within a 12-year period in Kerman province and to find whether the incidence of CRC in Kerman compared with the total incidence found in Iran.

Methods: Data on colorectal cancer was collected from all histopathology departments around the Kerman Province during 1991 – 2002 retrospectively. The crude and age-standardized incidence rates per 1 million populations were calculated based on the 1996 census data and the population growth rate.

Results: During this study total number of 551 new cases of colorectal cancer in Kerman province had been diagnosed. Age Standardized Rate of colon cancer in males and females were 50 (95% CI: 44-56) and 53 (95% CI: 46-59) cases per 1,000,000 population per year, respectively. The risk ratio in females relative to males was not significant in any type of colon cancer. We did not find any difference for each year during the entire study period.

Conclusion: The ASR of colorectal cancer in Kerman province was quite lower than the average rate in the whole country. This study showed that, the risk of acquiring colon cancer was constant. We concluded that the risk

Keywords

Neoplasm Iran Trend analysis Epidemiology Colorectal

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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