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Colorectal Cancer Nutritional Risk Factors: A Population Based Case-Control Study

AUTHORS

A Keshtkar 1 , SH Semnani 2 , Sima Besharat 1 , * , M Aboomardani 1 , N Abdolahi 1 , GH Roshandel 1 , A Moradi 1 , S Besharat 1 , KH Kalavi 1 , HS Mirkarimi 1 , SZ Hashemi Nasab 1 , M Teimoorian 1 , M Tavasoli 1

1 Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GRCGH),Golestan University of Mediacal SciencesGolestan, Iran

2 Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GRCGH),Golestan University of Mediacal SciencesGolestan; 2. Department of Gastroenterology, Golestan University of Mediacal Sciences,Golestan,Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Keshtkar A, Semnani S, Besharat S, Aboomardani M, Abdolahi N, et al. Colorectal Cancer Nutritional Risk Factors: A Population Based Case-Control Study, Int J Cancer Manag. 2010 ; 3(2):e80677.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 3 (2); e80677
Published Online: June 30, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 20, 2009
Accepted: April 28, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third common malignancy all over theworld. Modern life styles affecting nutritional habits have been providing apotential impact on CRC. This study aims to assess the nutritional characteristics in CRC patients of Golestan province, Northeast of Iran.

 Methods: All incident CRC cases (N47) in northeast of Iran (2004-2005) and a matched number of healthy persons were selected as cases and controls respectively. The subects filled the Questionnaires containing socio-demographic and nutritional characteristics (FFQ).

Results: Data analysis showed that Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) higher than1 837.5 Kcal/ day (first quartile of TEE) was significantly related to CRC risk (0R 3.8; 95% Cl:1.2 - 11.3); no other relationship was reported.

Conclusions: Findings suggested that higher levels of total energy expenditure may increase the risk of CRC about 4-fold. We also found that there are relationships between CRC and high fat diets or cooking methods. Nutritional interventions should be considered as an important part in colorectal cancer prevention programs.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer Nutrition and risk factor Iran

© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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