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The Validity of MRI in Evaluation of Tumor Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

AUTHORS

M Abedi 1 , D Farrokh 1 , Fatemeh Homaei Shandiz 2 , * , A Joulaee 3 , R Anbiaee 4 , B Zandi 1 , M Gity 5 , HR Sayah 1 , MS Abedi 6

1 Dept. of Radiology, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad, Iran

2 Solid Tumor Treatment Research Center, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad, Iran

3 Dept. of Surgery, Mahdieh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Mahdieh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Dept. of Radiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Dept. of Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Abedi M, Farrokh D, Homaei Shandiz F, Joulaee A, Anbiaee R, et al. The Validity of MRI in Evaluation of Tumor Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer, Int J Cancer Manag. 2013 ; 6(1):e80382.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 6 (1); e80382
Published Online: March 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 18, 2012
Accepted: September 08, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Physical Examination (PE) and breast MRI are two of the current methods which have usually used in diagnosis of primary breast cancer. Their accuracy in detection of: either complete response or presence of residual tumor, however, has not yet been established in patients who have been received Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (NAC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of breast MRI in assessment of residual neoplastic tissue after NAC in patients with Locally Advanced Breast Cancer (LABC).

Methods: Twenty patients with LABC have undergone contrast-enhanced MRI before and after the NAC. Considering histology as the gold standard, the tumor sizes in MRI and PE have compared with the histology results. We have calculated for all below: the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV) and Negative Predictive Value (NPV) for each of MRI and physical examination, as well as Pearson's correlation coefficients between the results of MRI and PE, and their histology results.

Results: We have found an accuracy of 85% for MRI with a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 50%, a PPV of 83.3%, and an NPV of 100%. In addition, the accuracy for PE was 70% with a sensitivity of 71.4%, a specificity of 66.6%, a PPV of 83.3%, and an NPV of 50%. In this study, the calculated Pearson's correlation coefficient for MRI and histology was 0.817 (p<0.0001) versus 0.26 (p=0.26) for correlation between PE and histology.

Conclusion: MRI has higher sensitivity but less specificity than PE for detection of residual tumor after NAC in locally advanced breast carcinoma. Also, the tumor size that has measured by MRI had highly correlation with the histology.

Keywords

Locally advanced Breast cancer Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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