Is Chemotherapy Related with Erectile Dysfunction in Non-Urologic Cancer Patients?

AUTHORS

Farzad Allameh 1 , Samira Azghandi 2 , Morteza Fallah Karkan ORCID 3 , *

1 MD-MPH, Laser Application in Medical Science Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Radiation-Oncology Department, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Urology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Allameh F, Azghandi S, Fallah Karkan M. Is Chemotherapy Related with Erectile Dysfunction in Non-Urologic Cancer Patients?, Int J Cancer Manag. 2018 ; 11(9):e82529. doi: 10.5812/ijcm.82529.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 11 (9); e82529
Published Online: September 2, 2018
Article Type: Letter
Received: July 23, 2018
Revised: August 6, 2018
Accepted: August 8, 2018
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Dear Editor,

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is characterized as men’s inability to terminate or hold penile erection to complete the coitus (1). Sexual dysfunction (SD) contributes to quality of life (2). Malignancy can cause sexual adverse effects by direct and indirect ways. It can involve sexual organs, indirectly affect body image, or cause depression or fatigue with effects on libido (3). Most sexual disabilities are not caused by the cancer itself, but by side effects of cancer management (4). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy-related SD generally ends after the completion of therapeutic manipulations, whereas anatomical defects due to surgery might have a permanent effect on the patients’ sexual activity (2, 5). Other aspects that play a role include subjects’ age, general and urogenital co-morbidity, and degree of ED before cancer treatment (6-9).

Determining the incidence of ED in various chemotherapeutic regimens in these patients can lead to finding ways to improve quality of life, decrease anxiety, and increase acceptance in these patients.

In this prospective analytical study, 61 patients were treated with different chemotherapy regimens for non-genitourinary and central nervous system cancers, accepted written consent, and completed medical history; the patients were evaluated with the International index of erectile function (IIEF) questionnaire. Morning testosterone levels are also measured in the serum of patients. At the end of the month 3, after the start of chemotherapy, a reevaluation will be taken and the results will be analyzed.

After institutional review board approval was obtained, 61 patients with the mean age of 58.66 ± 15.11 years (range 30 - 81 years) signed written informed consent and were included in the study; two patients were excluded from the study due to a change in the treatment plan. The mean of testosterone concentration in the morning before and 3 months after the chemotherapy was 3.13 ± 2.007 and 3.30 ± 2.19, respectively, which was not statistically significant. The mean score of IIEF questionnaire before and 3 months after the chemotherapy was 11.29 ± 2.42 and 10.95 ± 2.31, respectively, which was not statistically significant (Table 1). In subgroup analysis, the mean score of the IIEF questionnaire in the group under treatment with Cisplatin-based chemotherapy drugs was used in patients with esophageal cancer, nasopharyngeal and mandibular cancer, and significantly decreased after treatment (before chemotherapy 11.53 ± 2.03 and, then, 10.27 ± 2.57 with P value: 0.02).

Table 1. Mean IIEF5 Score According to Chemotherapy Regimens Prototype
Chemotherapy RegimenMean IIEF ScoreP Value
Before ChemotherapyAfter Chemotherapy
5FU baseda11.62 ± 2.0211.46 ± 1.190.65
Carboplatine-based10.68 ± 310.58 ± 2.830.72
Cisplatine-based11.53 ± 2.0310.27 ± 2.570.02
Cyclophosmamide-based11.56 ± 2.6911.67 ± 20.76
Others11.67 ± 5712.33 ± 570.18
Sum11.29 ± 2.4210.95 ± 2.310.08

a 5FU: 5 Fluorouracil.

Sexual problems are nearly always caused by a combination of psychological parameters. Generally, having a diagnosis of cancer is regarded as a critical point in life associated with long-lasting psychological effects. Men may still suffer from anxiety, depression, and decreased sexual arousal, even a decade after neoplasm treatment (10).

The present study showed that patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy agent had a sexual dysfunction, which could be due to the effect of this drug on germ cells and hypogonadism. Cancer treatment has multiple and variable side effects. Sexual abnormalities may be underestimated by physicians due to the use of various surgical procedures and may reduce the quality of life of patients. All patients should be informed of the treatment complications and choose the best treatment for cancer.

Acknowledgements

Footnotes

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