Disclosure of Cancer Information in Iran: a Perspective of Patients, Family Members, and Health Professionals

AUTHORS

Narges Beyraghi 1 , * , Y Mottaghipour 2 , A Mehraban 2 , E Eslamian 2 , F Esfahani 3

1 Neurofunctional and Neurosurgery Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychiatry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Oncology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Beyraghi N, Mottaghipour Y, Mehraban A, Eslamian E, Esfahani F. Disclosure of Cancer Information in Iran: a Perspective of Patients, Family Members, and Health Professionals, Int J Cancer Manag. 2011 ; 4(3):e80744.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 4 (3); e80744
Published Online: September 30, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 18, 2011
Accepted: June 27, 2011

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: In the last decades cancer has become one of the important causes of death in Iran .This study examined perspective of a group of Iranian health professionals, patients and patients’ family members regarding their view on disclosure of cancer information at a university hospital in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: The method of study was qualitative semi-structured focused group content analysis. Two group leaders (psychologist and psychiatrist) run the focus groups. Oncologists, nurses, patients and family members participated in separate focus groups. Five group sessions were held to sum up the participants views in four major topics related to disclosure of cancer information to patients and families.

Results: Most of physicians and nurses believed that disclosure of cancer diagnosis is a mistake. Family members think that it should be delivered gradually during stages of therapy based on patient’s psychological state, but most of the patients consider truth telling as a patient right. All physicians, most of nurses and all the patients see the physician as a person responsible to break the diagnostic disclosure. All patients wanted the physicians to take the total control of decisionmaking process for their treatment.

Conclusion: Iranian physicians and nurses hesitate to disclose cancer diagnosis compared to patients, who want to know the truth. Patients, nurses and physicians consider the physician to be the person responsible for delivering the information of cancer diagnosis .Development and implementation of a protocol based on Iranian culture is a necessity.

Keywords

Neoplasm Physician-Patient Relations Professional-Family Relations Truth Disclosure Culture

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The Full text is available in PDF.

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: