Improving Breast Self‐Examination: an Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model 

AUTHORS

T Aghamolaei 1 , L Hasani 1 , Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian 2 , * , S Zare 3

1 Dept. of Public Health, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Dept. of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

How to Cite: Aghamolaei T, Hasani L, Tavafian S S, Zare S. Improving Breast Self‐Examination: an Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model , Int J Cancer Manag. 2011 ; 4(2):e80735.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 4 (2); e80735
Published Online: June 30, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 15, 2010
Accepted: April 14, 2011

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Abstract

Background: This study evaluated the effect of an educational program on breast self-examination (BSE) among women living in Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Method: This trial studied 240 eligible women attending at eight health centers of Bandar Abbas who were randomly divided into intervention (n = 120) or control (n=120) group. Data regarding belief on breast self examination were collected through the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS).

Results: At the initial of the study, there were no differences between two groups in terms of socio demographic data, the mean scores of Champion’s Health Belief Model (CHBM) sub-scales and breast self-examination rate. At follow up time the intervention group compared to control group has obtained significant higher mean score of CHBM in terms of all sub-scales except for the subscale of BSE benefit.

Conclusion: This study indicated that the designed program could improve Breast Self Examination among studied women.

Keywords

Breast self examination Breast cancer Health belief model

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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