Relationships between Family Levels of Socioeconomic Status and Distribution of Breast Cancer Risk Factors

AUTHORS

Pegah Mohaghegh 1 , Parvin Yavari 1 , * , Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari 2 , Alireza Abadi 3 , Farzaneh Ahmadi 4 , Zeinab Shormeij 2

1 Dept. of Health and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Health and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Mohaghegh P, Yavari P, Esmaeil Akbari M, Abadi A, Ahmadi F, et al. Relationships between Family Levels of Socioeconomic Status and Distribution of Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Int J Cancer Manag. 2015 ; 8(1):e80584.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 8 (1); e80584
Published Online: February 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 03, 2014
Accepted: August 25, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Not only the expand development of knowledge for reducing risk factors, but also the improvement in early diagnosis and treatment of cancer, and socioeconomic inequalities could affect cancer incidence, diagnosis stage, and mortality. The aim of this study was investigation the relationships between family levels of socioeconomic status and distribution of breast cancer risk factors.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study has conducted on 526 patients who were suffering from breast cancer, and have registered in Cancer Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences from March 2008 to December 2013. A reliable and valid questionnaire about family levels of socioeconomic status has filled by interviewing the patients via phone. For analyzing the data, Multinomial logistic regression, Kendal tau-b correlation coefficient and Contingency Coefficient tests have executed by SPSS19.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 48.30 (SD=11.41). According to the results of this study, there was a significant relationship between family socioeconomic status and patient's age at diagnosis of breast cancer (p value0.001). In the multiple logistic regressions, the relationship between excellent socioeconomic status and number of abortions was significant (p value >0.007). Furthermore, the relationships between moderate and good socioeconomic statuses and smoking were significant (p value=0.05 and p value=0.02, respectively).

Conclusion: The results have indicated that among those patients having better socioeconomic status, age at cancer diagnosis, number of pregnancies and duration of breast feeding was lower, and then number of abortions was more than the others. According to the results of this study, it was really important to focus on family socioeconomic status as a critical a

Keywords

Socioeconomic status Risk factors Breast cancer

© 2015, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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