The Concept of Palliative Care Practice among Iranian General Practitioners

AUTHORS

Mohsen Asadi-Lari 1 , * , Z Madjd 2 , ME Afkari 3 , A Goushegir 4 , HR Baradaran 5

1 Oncopathology Research Centre, Iran University of Medical Sciences; Department of Epidemiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Oncopathology Research Centre, Iran University of Medical Sciences; Department of Pathology, Iran University of Medical Sciences; Cancer Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University (MC), Iran

3 Department of Health Management, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

4 Institute for Medical History, Islamic and Complementary Medicine; Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

5 Department of Epidemiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Asadi-Lari M, Madjd Z, Afkari M, Goushegir A, Baradaran H. The Concept of Palliative Care Practice among Iranian General Practitioners , Int J Cancer Manag. 2009 ; 2(3):e80552.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 2 (3); e80552
Published Online: September 30, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 30, 2009
Accepted: September 30, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction: General Practitioners (GPs) have the main responsibility in medical and particularly palliative care provision in most of countries, though this is not the current case in Iran. Development of 'family physician' approach in rural and most of the urban areas in Iran, GPs will have the main role in care provision. There is no formal palliative care education during general medical training in the country so far. Regarding the increasing number of people in need of palliative care services, it is essential to assess GPs' knowledge about palliative care to develop special palliative care educational programmes.

Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted on general practitioners participated in a formal Continuous Medical Education programme, using three scales.

Results: 216 GPs returned the completed questionnaires. More than half scored their knowledge about palliative care as weak, which was significantly related to their previous experience in caring of a terminally ill patient (p=0.001). Less than one third stated their good ability to either assess or manage pain in end of life. Major gender differences were seen in different subscales such as communication with patients and carers, patient management, palliative care knowledge and skills, and psychological stress.

Conclusion: This study revealed a profound lack of knowledge and experience among Iranian general practitioners about palliative care which was mostly in more complicated areas rather than common symptoms relief.

Keywords

Research Article

© 2009, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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