Predicting Post Traumatic Growth Based upon Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support in Cancer Patients

AUTHORS

Farah Lotfi-Kashani 1 , Shahram Vaziri 2 , Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari 3 , Nahid Kazemi-Zanjani 4 , Leila Shamkoeyan 2 , *

1 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran; Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Roudehen Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Roudehen Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

4 Zanjan University of Medical Science, Zanjan, Iran

How to Cite: Lotfi-Kashani F, Vaziri S, Akbari M E, Kazemi-Zanjani N, Shamkoeyan L . Predicting Post Traumatic Growth Based upon Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support in Cancer Patients, Int J Cancer Manag. 2014 ; 7(3):e80538.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 7 (3); e80538
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 12, 2013
Accepted: June 01, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Despite the fact that being exposed to traumatic and stressful events could have severe consequences, studies have shown that even in the wake of negative events such as cancer diagnosis, we see some changes and positive impacts in scheme, philosophy of life and self-perception, a process which is called Post Traumatic Growth (PTG). The aim of the current research is to define share of self-efficacy and perceived social support in the prediction of PTG.

Methods: The research is a correlation type. For this aim, 95 patients with cancer came to Shohadaye Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Zanjan, and Mehraneh Charity Institute, Zanjan in 2012 have been selec ted based on available sampling and evaluated regarding self-efficacy, and perceived social support and PTG.

Results: Data analysis using Pearson correlation and regression analysis (simple and multiple) showed that self-efficacy and Perceived Social Support in cancer patients have direct significant relation with variable of PTG and explain 13.5%, 10.6% and jointly 20.7% of PTG changes respectively.

Conclusion: The research findings show that the variables of self-efficacy and Perceived Social Support explain significantly the PTG and these psychological variables can be used to provide improvement plans and mental health and PTG facilities

Keywords

Post traumatic growth Perceived Social Support self-efficacy cancer

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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