Emotional Regulation and Adjustment to Childhood Cancer: Role of the Biological, Psychological and Social Regulators on Pediatric Oncology Adjustment

AUTHORS

Manieh Firoozi 1 , * , Mohammad Ali Besharat 2 , Eshagh Rahimian Boogar 3

1 Cancer Research Center,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Dept. of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychology, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Psychology, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran

How to Cite: Firoozi M, Besharat M A, Rahimian Boogar E. Emotional Regulation and Adjustment to Childhood Cancer: Role of the Biological, Psychological and Social Regulators on Pediatric Oncology Adjustment, Int J Cancer Manag. 2013 ; 6(2):e80401.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 6 (2); e80401
Published Online: June 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 20, 2012
Accepted: January 15, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Children with cancer should deal with difficult situations such as undergoing multimodal treatment. Emotion Regulation Mechanisms (ERM) could be more effective for childhood cancer adaptation. The main purpose of this study was examination a number of the biological, psychological and social emotion regulators on adjustment to pediatric oncology.

Method: In this study, 98 children (39 girls and 59 boys) have participated that diagnosed as Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) cases along with their mothers. The participants were between 8 to 12 years old. Salivary cortisol, cognitive emotion regulation, children's level of inhibition, maternal positivity and Beck Depression Inventory have been applied for evaluation of Emotion Regulation (ER) while Cancer-Specific Stress and Coping, Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale, anxiety-depression scales and vitality test have all used for assessing the Emotional Adjustment (EA).

Results: Using the canonical correlation has been showing significant relation between predictors of ER and EA. Cortisol level and mother's depression have played the most important role in above correlation.

Conclusion: Variation of cortisol level has identified by its various effects on the mother's behavioral system depression, cognitive strategies and emotional inhibition; would determine the rate of coping with cancer, resiliency and vitality.

Keywords

Child Malignancy Emotions Adaptation

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The Full text is available in PDF.

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: