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Reduction of Deterministic Thinking Among Cancer Patients as a New Method to Increase Psychosocial Adjustments

AUTHORS

Seyyed Jalal Younesi 1 , * , Akramsadat Mirafzal 1 , Mahdieh Tooyserkani 1

1 Dept. of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Younesi S J, Mirafzal A, Tooyserkani M. Reduction of Deterministic Thinking Among Cancer Patients as a New Method to Increase Psychosocial Adjustments, Int J Cancer Manag. 2012 ; 5(2):e80805.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 5 (2); e80805
Published Online: June 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 02, 2011
Accepted: October 20, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Deterministic thinking is one of the major cognitive distortions. This type of thinking ignores any possibility in making a conclusion about events. Any consequence of an event may be thought as: 2×2= 4. Equality is a dominant factor among all conclusions of this kind of distortion. Distortion emerges in cognitive rigidity in the mind and could be the source of all distortions. Cognitive rigidity is a main reason for depression and other psychosocial maladjustments.

Methods: Challenging distortion was discussed as a new method for improving psychological conditions of cancer patients. Adapting the cultural base of the method, distortion is explained as a destructive factor which ruins the balance of fear and hope, the two important signs of faith in Islamic perspective.

Results: The consequence of challenging distortion to reduce depression and anxiety has been explained based on the Islamic Culture.

Conclusion: For the first time, in this study, it was proposed that how this method can be used in the treatment of psychological disorders of cancer patients.

Keywords

Cognitive therapy Neoplasm Depression Anxiety

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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