Human Papilloma Virus in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer
International Journal of Cancer Management: Winter 2012, 5 (1); e80792
March 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
November 02, 2011
December 03, 2011
S , Dolatkhah
S, et al. Human Papilloma Virus in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer,
Int J Cancer Manag.
Background: Epidemiologic and molecular evidences have established a strong link between high risk types of Human Papilloma Virus and a subgroup of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas (HNSCC). We evaluated the frequency of HPV positivity in HNSCC and its relationship to demographic and some risk factor variables in an open casecontrol study.
Methods: Fourteen recently diagnosed patients with squamous cell cancer of oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx aged 18-50 years were examined from 2008-2010 in Tabriz, Iran. HPV DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded blocks of each patient's sample for PCR evaluation. Saliva samples of 94 control cancer-free subjects were collected for DNA analysis. Multivariable logistic regression method was used to calculate odds ratio for case-control comparisons.
Results: High risk HPV was detected in 6(42.8%) patients, and 6(5.3%) control subjects which was statistically significant (p<0.0001). HPV-18 was the most frequent type both in the cases and controls. HPV-16 DNA was detected in two patients of the case group, but it was not detected in any of the controls. The relation between demographic and risk factor variables was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: HPV infection has a significant impact on HNSCC. Despite HPV-16 stronger impact, HPV-18 is more likely to cause malignant degeneration in such cancers amongst some communities. It is vital to introduce and conduct immunization schedules in health care systems to protect communities to some extent.
Head and Neck Neoplasms; Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Human Papilloma Virus 16; Human Papilloma Virus 18; Sex
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