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Neuropsychological Disorders in Patients with Brain Tumor

AUTHORS

Afsoun Seddighi 1 , * , AS Seddighi 2 , F Ashrafi 2 , S Nohehsara 3

1 Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, Rajaie Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Psychiatry Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Seddighi A, Seddighi A, Ashrafi F, Nohehsara S. Neuropsychological Disorders in Patients with Brain Tumor , Int J Cancer Manag. 2010 ; 3(1):e80656.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 3 (1); e80656
Published Online: March 31, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 27, 2009
Accepted: January 30, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Very few studies have utilized specific criteria to assess mental disorders in brain tumor patients. This study aimed to diagnose mental disorders in this population using DSM-IV (depression, sleep, and mood) criteria. Methods: From March 2007 to July 2009, the surgically treated patients with intracranial neoplasm were included in the study. These patients were examined in an ambulatory neuro-oncology clinic setting using a structured psychiatric interview which followed current DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.

Results: This study is based on the clinical data of 89 patients with brain tumor. The mean age was 42.2 years old. Fifty five percent (55 %) of the patients were male. In our study, the prevalence of mild depression was about 30% for males and 38% for females. Before tumor operation, severe anxious as well as severe obsessivecompulsive symptoms were present in 14% of males. In females, 29% of the subjects had reported to have severe anxiousness and 25% severe obsessive symptoms.

Conclusion: Depressive symptoms as well as anxious and obsessive psychopathology were shown to be prevalent signs among patients with brain tumor. The associated factors are tumor location, patient’s premorbid psychiatric status, cognitive symptoms and adaptive or maladaptive response to stress.

Keywords

Brain Tumor Psychological Treatment

© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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