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Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: Comparison of Results in Tabriz Imam Khomeini Hospital and Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

SH Hashemzadeh 1 , PV Kumar 2 , Nasser Malekpour 3 , * , Z Hashemi 1 , F Fattahi 4 , F Malekpour 5

1 Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Iran

2 Department of Pathology, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Iran

3 Fellowship of Vascular Surgery and Trauma, Department of Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University (MC); Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University(MC), Iran

4 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University(MC), Iran

5 Fellowship of Vascular Surgery and Trauma, Department of Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University (MC), Iran

How to Cite: Hashemzadeh S, Kumar P, Malekpour N, Hashemi Z, Fattahi F, et al. Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: Comparison of Results in Tabriz Imam Khomeini Hospital and Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Int J Cancer Manag. 2009 ; 2(3):e80568.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 2 (3); e80568
Published Online: September 30, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 30, 2009
Accepted: September 30, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction: It is more than 60 years that Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) has been used for diagnosing palpable breast masses and has been known as an effective method for several years in Europe. In this study, we compared the diagnostic accuracy of FNA with open biopsy in Tabriz and Shiraz, Iran.

Material and Methods: We studied 100 patients with breast lesions in Tabriz Imam Khomeini Hospital from late September 2003 to late July 2004. FNA and open biopsy were done for all patients, FNA results were studied by pathologists in Tabriz imam Khomeini hospital and Shiraz University and pathological and cytological results were compared.

Results: According to cytology, 44% of samples were benign, 15% were suspicious, 33% were malignant and 8% were insufficient in Tabriz. These figures were 25%, 10%, 27% and 37%, respectively in Shiraz. Sensitivity of FNA was higher in Tabriz (89.79% vs. 69%) but specificity did not differ significantly in two groups (93.47% vs. 80.95%). Positive and negative predictive values were 97.77% and 89.36% in Tabriz and 100% and 60.6% in Shiraz, respectively. FNA accuracy was higher in Tabriz than in Shiraz (93.47% vs. 80.95%).

Conclusion: If done by experts, FNA can be a reliable replacement for open biopsy in palpable breast masses. Evaluation of FNA samples during aspiration can decrease insufficient samples. FNA (at least in deprived areas) can be the first line of diagnosis in women with breast masses and is helpful to increase health standards and clinical supervision of patients.

Keywords

palpable breast mass needle aspiration breast cancer FNA

© 2009, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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