Cite Score:
0.89
CITE SCORE SCOPUS

Comparative Cytotoxic Evaluation of Free and Sodium Alginate Nanoparticle-Encapsulated ICD-85 on Primary Lamb Kidney Cells

AUTHORS

Abbas Zare Mirakabadi 1 , Saeed Moradhaseli 2 , *

1 Dept. of Venomous Animals and Antivenom Production, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Karaj, Iran

2 Dept. of Venomous Animals and Antivenom Production, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Karaj, Dept. of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Zare Mirakabadi A, Moradhaseli S. Comparative Cytotoxic Evaluation of Free and Sodium Alginate Nanoparticle-Encapsulated ICD-85 on Primary Lamb Kidney Cells, Int J Cancer Manag. 2013 ; 6(3):e80425.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 6 (3); e80425
Published Online: September 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 06, 2013
Accepted: April 08, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Current anti-cancer drug therapy results in systemic side effects due to non-specific uptake by normal healthy noncancerous tissues. To alleviate this difficulty, many attempts have been devoted to the development of new delivery systems such as polymeric Nanoparticles (NPs). In this study, we prepared ICD-85 NPs based on sodium alginate and analyzed the cytotoxic activity of ICD-85 NPs relative to free ICD-85 on primary lamb kidney cells.

Methods: ICD-85 loaded sodium alginate nanoparticles were prepared by ionic gelation method and were characterized by the particle size, size distribution and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay and membrane integrity was evaluated by measuring Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. The morphological alterations of untreated and treated cells were assessed by light inverted microscope.

Results: MTT assay showed that ICD-85 NPs could significantly decrease the in vitro cytotoxicity on primary lamb kidney cells compared to the free ICD-85. The IC10 value at 72 hours was increased from 9±2.7 μg/ml for free ICD-85 to 52±4.3 μg/ml for ICD-85 NPs. LDH assay demonstrated that free ICD-85 had dose-dependent cytotoxicity on primary lamb kidney cells while ICD-85 NPs exhibited significantly decreased cytotoxicity at equivalent concentrations. Moreover, morphological analysis showed no significant difference between control and treated cells with ICD-85 NPs.

Conclusion: Based on the results obtained in the present study it can be concluded that encapsulation of ICD-85 with sodium alginate nanoparticles can reduce its necrotic effect on primary lamb kidney cells.

Keywords

ICD-85 peptide Primary cell culture Sodium alginate IC10 Lactate dehydrogenase

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The Full text is available in PDF.

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: