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Cortisol-a Key Factor to the Understanding of the Adjustment to Childhood Cancer

AUTHORS

MA Besharat 1 , Manijeh Firoozi 1 , *

1 Dept. of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Besharat M, Firoozi M. Cortisol-a Key Factor to the Understanding of the Adjustment to Childhood Cancer, Int J Cancer Manag. 2013 ; 6(1):e80374.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Cancer Management: 6 (1); e80374
Published Online: March 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 24, 2012
Accepted: July 30, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Malignancy and its treatments could cause disturbance in homeostasis of body such as cortisol secretion. The present study has investigated the effects of cortisol level imbalance in behavioral and emotional adjustments.

Methods: Seventy-eight children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) have involved in this study. Their salivary cortisol level, which were sensitive to pain and disruptive behaviors, have measured.

Results: Cortisol level effect in different periods: within duration of reaction to pain, sensitivity to pain and disruptive behaviors have evaluated. In addition abnormal regulation of cortisol levels have shown a very strong relationship between sensitivity to pain and the disruptive behaviors. Cortisol suppression was responsible for adjustment by the participants to stressful conditions.

Conclusion: Previous investigations have shown that there is a low reaction to stressor which decreases the vitality as well as impairing a negative memory in low cortisol levels. The findings of the present study demonstrated a nonlinear relation between cortisol level and sensitivity to pain as well as disruptive behaviors. Therefore, regulation of cortisol- up and down- is predisposed to maladjustment.

Keywords

Child Cancer Cortisol Pain Disruptive behavior disorder

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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